KICKBOXING

Kickboxing (in Japanese is kikkubokushingu) is a group of martial arts and stand-up combat sports based on kicking and punching, historically developed from Karate, Muay Thai and Western boxing. Kickboxing is practiced for self-defense, general fitness, or as a contact sport.


The term kickboxing is a somewhat generic one used to cover the combination of several different striking or stand up fighting styles that fall within the classification of sport martial arts. Though the term kickboxing was specifically initiated in Japan and evolved from full contact karate, its history and roots are in many ways tied to the Thailand martial art of Muay Thai Boxing as well.


The sport of kickboxing often takes place in a ring where combatants, depending on the style of kickboxing being practiced, may utilize kicks, punches, elbow strikes, headbutts, knee strikes, and/or throws against one another.

RAIGAD KICK BOXING ASSOCIATION

The term "kickboxing" can be used in a narrow and in a wide sense.


  • The narrow use is restricted to the styles that self-identify as kickboxing, i.e. Japanese kickboxing (with its spin-off styles or rules such as Shoot boxing and K-1), and American kickboxing.


  • Instructor In-Charge:

    Chintamani Mokal
    Piyush K. Sadawarte
    Jayesh Dattatray Chogale


  • In the wider sense, it includes all stand-up combat sports that allow both punching and kicking, including Savate, Muay Thai, Indian boxing,Burmese boxing, Sanda, styles of Karate, etc.


  • Full contact


    Point fight / light contact, is essentially a mixture of Western boxing and traditional karate. The male kickboxers wearing t-shirt,kickboxing trousers and protective gear including: mouth-guard, hand-wraps, (280 g). boxing gloves, groin-guard, shin-pads, kick-boots and protective helmet (for amateurs and those under 16). The female kickboxers will wear a sports bra/t-shirt and chest protection in addition to the male clothing/protective gear. In addition, amateur rules often allow less experienced competitors to use light or semi-contact rules, where the intention is to score points by executing successful strikes past the opponent's guard, and use of force is regulated. The equipment for semi-contact is similar to full-contact matches, usually with addition of headgear. Competitors usually dress in a t-shirt for light-contact matches, to separate them from the bare-chested full-contact participants.


    Rules:


  • Opponents are allowed to hit each other with punches and kicks, striking above the waist.


  • Elbows and knees are forbidden and the use of the shins is seldom allowed.


  • Clinch fighting, throws and sweeps are forbidden.


  • Bouts are usually 3 to 12 rounds (lasting 2–3 minutes each) for amateur and professional contests with a 1 minute rest in between rounds.


  • International


    International rules / full contact :contrasts with light contact rules in that it allows also low kicks. The male kickboxers are bare-chested wearing kickboxing trousers or shorts and protective gear including: mouth-guard, hand-wraps, shin-wraps, 10 oz (280 g). boxing gloves and groin-guard. The female kickboxers will wear a sports bra and chest protection in addition to the male clothing/protective gear.


    Notable fighters under international rules include Rick Roufus and Abraham Roqueñi.


    Rules:


  • Fighters are allowed to strike their opponent with punches and kicks, including kicks below the waist, except for the groin.


  • Elbows and knees are forbidden.


  • Clinch fighting, throws and sweeps are forbidden.


  • Bouts are 3 to 5 rounds for amateurs and 3 to 12 rounds for professionals, all rounds lasting 2 minutes each. Each round has a 1 minute rest in between rounds.


  • Techniques


    Punching


    Punching techniques are very much identical to boxing punches, including


  • Jab – straight punch from the front hand, to either the head or the body, often used in conjunction with the cross


  • Cross – straight punch from the back hand


  • Hook – rounded punch to either the head or body in an arching motion, usually not scored in points scoring*


  • Uppercut – rising punch striking to the chin.*


  • Short straight-punch usually striking to the chin


  • Backfist usually from the front hand, reverse-back fist and spinning back-fist both usually from the back hand – are strikes to the head, raising the arm and bending the arm at the elbow and then straightening the arm quickly to strike to the side of the head with the rear of the knuckles, common in “light contact”.


  • Flying-punch struck usually from the rear hand, the combatant hops on the front foot, kicking back with the rear foot and simultaneously extending the rear hand as a punch, in the form of "superman" flying through the sky.


  • Cross-counter a cross-counter is a counterpunch begun immediately after an opponent throws a jab, exploiting the opening in the opponent's position


  • Overhand (overcut or drop) – a semi-circular and vertical punch thrown with the rear hand. It is usually when the opponent bobbing or slipping. The strategic utility of the drop relying on body weight can deliver a great deal of power


  • Bolo punch – a combination of a wide uppercut/right cross/swing that was delivered seemingly from the floor.*


  • Half-hook – a combination of a wide jab/hook or cross/hook*


  • Half-swing – a combination of a wide hook/swing*


  • Note: * indicates only allowed in full contact.


    Kicking


    The standard kicking techniques are:


  • Front kick or push Kick/high Kick – Striking face or chest on with the heel of the foot


  • Side kick – Striking with the side or heel of the foot with leg parallel to the ground, can be performed to either the head or body


  • Semi-circular kick or forty five degree roundhouse kick


  • Roundhouse kick or circle kick – Striking with the front of the foot or the lower shin to the head or the body in a chopping motion


  • There are a large number of special or variant kicking techniques, including spinning kicks, jumping kicks, and other variants such as


  • Hook kick (heel kick) – Extending the leg out to the side of the body, and hooking the leg back to strike the head with either the heel or sole *


  • Crescent kick and forward crescent kick Axe kick – is a stomp out kick or axe kick. The stomp kick normally travel downward, striking with the side or base heel.*


  • Back kick – is delivered with the base heel of the foot.*


  • Spinning versions of the back, side, hook and axe kicks can also be performed along with jumping versions of all kicks


    Defense


    There are three main defensive positions (guards or styles) used in kickboxing. Within each style, there is considerable variation among fighters, as some fighters may have their guard higher for more head protection while others have their guard lower to provide better protection against body punches. Many fighters vary their defensive style throughout a bout in order to adapt to the situation of the moment, choosing the position best suited to protect them.


  • Slip – Slipping rotates the body slightly so that an incoming punch passes harmlessly next to the head. As the opponent's punch arrives, the boxer sharply rotates the hips and shoulders. This turns the chin sideways and allows the punch to "slip" past. Muhammed Ali was famous for extremely fast and close slips.


  • Bob and weave – bobbing moves the head laterally and beneath an incoming punch. As the opponent's punch arrives, the kickboxer bends the legs quickly and simultaneously shifts the body either slightly right or left. Once the punch has been evaded, the kickboxer "weaves" back to an upright position, emerging on either the outside or inside of the opponent's still-extended arm. To move outside the opponent's extended arm is called "bobbing to the outside". To move inside the opponent's extended arm is called "bobbing to the inside".


  • Parry/Block – Parrying or blocking uses the kickboxer's hands as defensive tools to deflect incoming attacks. As the opponent's punch arrives, the boxer delivers a sharp, lateral, open-handed blow to the opponent's wrist or forearm, redirecting the punch.


  • The cover-up – Covering up is the last opportunity to avoid an incoming strike to an unprotected face or body. Generally speaking, the hands are held high to protect the head and chin and the forearms are tucked against the torso to impede body shots. When protecting the body, the kickboxer rotates the hips and lets incoming punches "roll" off the guard. To protect the head, the kickboxer presses both fists against the front of the face with the forearms parallel and facing outwards. This type of guard is weak against attacks from below.


  • The clinch – Clinching is a form of standing grappling and occurs when the distance between both fighters has closed and straight punches cannot be employed. In this situation, the kickboxer attempts to hold or "tie up" the opponent's hands or enter neck wrestling position. In one way to perform a clinch, the kickboxer loops both hands around the outside of the opponent's shoulders, scooping back under the forearms to grasp the opponent's arms tightly against his own body. In this position, the opponent's arms are pinned and cannot be used to attack. Other forms of clinch involves getting control of opponents neck by collar tie or upper body by underhooks, overhooks and body lock. It is often in the clinch where knee, elbow, sweep and throw techniques are used.*