KARATE

The word karate is a combination of two Chinese characters: kara, meaning empty, and te, meaning hand; thus, karate means "empty hand


Shotokan is also composed of two different chinese characters : Shoto, meaning "pine breeze" and kan, meaning "the place", thus Shotokan means the place of shoto.


What is Karate?


Karate may be defined as a weaponless means of self defense. It consists of dynamic offensive and defensive techniques using all parts of the body to their maximum advantage.


WORLD KARATE FEDERATION


WORLD AMATEUR SHOTOKAN KARATE FEDERATION

Karate is a striking art using punching, kicking, knee strikes, elbow strikes and open hand techniques such as knife-hands, spear-hands,and palm-heel strikes. In some styles, grappling, throws, joint locks, restraints, and vital point strikes are also taught. Karate may be considered as the conflict within oneself or as a life-long marathon which can be won only through self-discipline, hard training and one's own creative efforts. Today karate is practiced for self-perfection, for cultural reasons, for self-defense and as a sport. Karate can be practiced as an art, as a sport, as a combat sport, or as self defense training. Traditional karate places emphasis on self-development (budō). Modern Japanese style training emphasizes the psychological elements incorporated into a proper attitude such as perseverance, fearlessness, virtue, and leadership skills. Sport karate places emphasis on exercise and competition. Weapons is important training activity in some styles of karate. Karate training is commonly divided into kihon (basics or fundamentals), kata (forms), and kumite (sparring).


NEPAL SHOTOKAN KARATE ASSOCIATION


JAPAN SHOTOKAN KARATE ASSOCIATION

Kumite


Basics


It is drilling of stances, blocks, punches, strikes and kicks. Karate styles place varying importance on fundamentals. Typically this is performance in unison of a technique or a combination of techniques by a group of karate instructors. basics may also be prearranged drills in smaller groups or in pairs.


Kata


Kata means literally "shape" or "model." Kata is a formalized sequence of movements which represent various offensive and defensive postures. These postures are based on idealized combat applications.


To attain a formal rank the karateka must demonstrate competent performance of specific required kata for that level. The Japanese terminology for grades or ranks is commonly used. Requirements for examinations vary among schools.


Sparring in Karate is called kumite. It literally means "meeting of hands." Kumite is practiced both as a sport and as self-defense training.


Levels of physical contact during sparring vary considerably. Full contact karate has several variants. Sparring in armour full power techniques with some safety. Sport kumite in many international competition under the World Karate Federation is free or structured with light contact or semi contact and points are awarded by a referee.


In free sparring , the two participants have a free choice of scoring techniques. The allowed techniques and contact level are primarily determined by sport or style organization policy, but might be modified according to the age, rank and sex of the participants. Depending upon style,take-downs, sweeps and in some rare cases even time-limited grappling on the ground are also allowed.


Free sparring is performed in a marked or closed area. The bout runs for a fixed time (2 to 3 minutes.) The time can run continuously (Iri Kume) or be stopped for referee judgment. In light contact or semi contact kumite, points are awarded based on the criteria: good form, sporting attitude, vigorous application, awareness, good timing and correct distance. In full contact karate kumite, points are based on the results of the impact, rather than the formal appearance of the scoring technique.


WKF karate competition has two disciplines: sparring (kumite) and forms (kata). Competitors may enter either as individuals or as part of a team. Evaluation for kata is performed by a panel of judges, whereas sparring is judged by a head referee, usually with assistant referees at the side of the sparring area. Sparring matches are typically divided by weight, age, gender, and experience.


What are The benefits of karate?


In our everyday lives we often forget the value of exercise to both our physical and mental health. The practice of karate tones the body, develops coordination, quickens reflexes, and builds stamina.


Also, the serious practice of karate develops composure, a clearer thought process, deeper insight into one's mental capabilities, and more self-confidence. In this, karate is not an end, but a means to an end. It is an activity in which advancing age is not a hindrance. Rather it encourages proficiency in the keen coordination of mind and body.



“True karate is this: that in daily life one’s mind and body be trained and developed in a spirit of humility, and that in critical times, one be devoted utterly to the cause of justice.” –Gichin Funakoshi